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SVG Relative Touch/Mouse Events

  1. const hasTouch =
  2.   navigator.maxTouchPoints != null && navigator.maxTouchPoints > 0;
  3.  
  4. const el = document.body.appendChild(document.createElement('div'));
  5.  
  6. el.innerHTML = `
  7.   <svg id="mainSvg" width="100%" height="100%" viewBox="0 0 800 800">
  8.     <g transform="translate(100, 100) scale(0.8, 0.8) rotate(25, 400, 400)">
  9.       <rect x="0" y="0" width="800" height="800" fill="#ccc" stroke="none"/>
  10.       <text x="10" y="30" font-size="30px">click/tap the box</text>
  11.     </g>
  12.   </svg>
  13.   <style>
  14.     svg, div, body, html {
  15.       height: 100%;
  16.       width: 100%;
  17.       margin: 0; padding: 0;
  18.     }
  19.  
  20.     svg {
  21.       overflow: hidden;
  22.     }
  23.   </style>
  24. `;
  25. function createSvg(type) {
  26.   return document.createElementNS('http://www.w3.org/2000/svg', type);
  27. }
  28.  
  29. // mouse or touch location is always relative to the svg
  30. // any css transformations on the svg are only accounted for in 
  31. // Chrome unfortunately
  32. function svgTouch(e, svgEl) {
  33.   const touches = e.touches;
  34.   let locX, locY;
  35.   if (touches != null && touches.length > 0) {
  36.     locX = touches[0].clientX;
  37.     locY = touches[0].clientY;
  38.   } else {
  39.     locX = e.clientX;
  40.     locY = e.clientY;
  41.   }
  42.  
  43.   const pt = svgEl.createSVGPoint();
  44.   pt.x = locX;
  45.   pt.y = locY;
  46.  
  47.   const newPnt = pt.matrixTransform(svgEl.getScreenCTM().inverse());
  48.   return { locX: newPnt.x, locY: newPnt.y };
  49. }
  50.  
  51. document.addEventListener(hasTouch ? 'touchstart' : 'mousedown', e => {
  52.   // global id `mainSvg` :P
  53.   const { locX, locY } = svgTouch(e, mainSvg);
  54.  
  55.   const circle = createSvg('circle');
  56.   circle.cx.baseVal.value = locX;
  57.   circle.cy.baseVal.value = locY;
  58.   circle.r.baseVal.value = 20;
  59.   circle.style.fill = 'blue';
  60.  
  61.   mainSvg.appendChild(circle);
  62. });

This snippet shows how to get relative mouse/touch coordinates within an SVG element. The main trick here is on line 50… pt.matrixTransform(svgEl.getScreenCTM().inverse()); – we get the inverse transformation matrix of the “mainSvg” node and transform the mouse/touch coordinates by it.

Beware, when this was posted, as noted in the comments – CSS transforms on the SVG element or any of its parents won’t be accounted for in the `getScreenCTM` call in any browsers other than Chrome. There is an open Firefox issue for this I believe…

// dom // graphics // javascript // math // matrix // svg // tricks
snippet.zone ~ 2021-22 /// {s/z}